Districts of Kolkata, India
Southern fringes — the rapidly mushrooming localities to the south of the city. Includes Behala, Jadavpur, Garia and Narendrapur. There are a number of educational institutes and lavish shopping malls in this area. This is a relatively newer part of the city where a lot of expansion is going on. Many of the Super Specialty Hospitals are located along the EM Bypass and the city is rapidly undergoing transformation with infrastructure augmentation and expansion eastwards.
South Kolkata — The posher part of the city. Covers Gariahat, Dhakuria, Ballygunge, Bhawanipur, Alipore, New Alipore, Rash Behari, Kalighat and Tollygunge. It is mostly residential areas with posh neighborhoods and numerous big malls like South City, Quest, Acropolis, Forum etc. Rabindra Sarobar (Dhakuria Lake) is a vast jogger’s park around a lake which is home to many sporting associations, rowing club, a stadium. Tollygunge is home to the Bengali Tinsel Town nicknamed “Tollywood” and the golf club of Kolkata.
Colonial District — The colonial district is where all the heritage buildings of the colonial era are located and served as the prime business district till 90’s until Salt Lake/New Town sprung up around late 90’s.It is considered the soul of Kolkata. Writer’s Building (Mahakaran) used to serve as the West Bengal State Secretariat. Dalhousie Square (B.B.D Bagh) hosts the heritage buildings, Raj Bhavan (Governor’s House), Bidhan Sabha (State Assembly Building), Kolkata Municipal Corporation Building, St John’s Church (Oldest in Kolkata), Black Hole Monument, Jewish Synagogues are located here. It still holds the old world charm with touch of modernity with century old buildings, ancient trams, human pulled rickshaws, street food vendors, thousands of office goers, plethora of shops of which many still bears the looks as they were a century ago.
Maidan — The “Lungs” of Kolkata adjoining the Colonial District. Maidan, a vast open field which serves as home to many sporting clubs, gardens, tanks and lots of vast open green fields. Includes Fort William, Strand Road, Khidirpur, Dufferin Road, Hooghly Bank and Chowringhee. Rabindra Sadan, Nandan and adjoining exhibition halls,Nehru Children’s Museum, Birla Planetarium, St Pauls Cathedral, Victoria Memorial, Race Course, Fort William (Eastern Command HQ of Indian Army), Esplanade, Eden Gardens, Shahid Minar (Ochterlony Monument), Princep Ghat and Millenium Park, all are located around this area. Park Street is a major attraction which hosts numerous upmarket lounges, restaurants, bars, discs, shops and colonial buildings. South Park Street Cemetary (Oldest Christian Cemetery of Kolkata) is located at the southern end of Park Street. Vidyasagar Setu (India’s longest cable stayed bridge) approach originates just after the race course and temporary state secretariat (Nabanna) is just at the opposite end of the bridge.
North Kolkata — the older area of the city, a fascinating district dominated by narrow little lanes and hundreds of century-old buildings. Includes Chitpur, Bagbazar, Belgachhia, Shyam Bazaar, Shobha Bazaar, Maniktala, Jorasanko and the famous College Street area. Also situated here are the Sealdah station, one of the largest train hubs in India, and the newly built Kolkata station. Mother House (Missionaries of Charity) is situated near the Sealdah Station. Kumortuli (The Clay Artisans Enclave), Joransanko Thakurbari (Ancestral Home of Tagore), Nakhoda Mosque, Marble Palace, Legendary Indian Coffee, Calcutta University, Kolkata Medical College and Hospital, Presidency University, numerous heritage theatres are located here. Dum Dum being the prime communication hub of Kolkata having International Airport, Metro Rail, Circular Rail, Ground Rail.
Northern fringes — the large industrial area to the north of the city. Includes Kashipur, Dumdum, Belghoria, Khardah, Panihati, Titagarh etc. where there are a number of factories, including jute, paper, cotton, ordnance and chemicals. Famous Dakshineswar Kali Temple and the twin bridges Vivekananda Setu/Nibedita Setu are located in this area.
East Kolkata — rapidly developing, specially IT sector and home to many malls. Encompasses Salt Lake City (Bidhan Nagar), Rajarhat (New Town), Lake Town and the E.M. Bypass. Many five star hotels, theme parks, posh housing estates and Special Economic Zones are being built in this area. Eco Park, Aquatica, Nazrul Tirtha, Mother’s Wax Museum and upcoming Kolkata Museum of Modern Art are all located in New Town.
Howrah and Hooghly (Urban); Technically Howrah and the urban part of Hooghly all have individual identity alongside they are the part of Kolkata Metropolis. Likewise Howrah city is a twin city of Kolkata city. Nabanna, Santragachi, Belur, Bally, Uttarpara, Konnogar, Rishra, Serampore, Bhadeswar, Chinsurah, Hooghly, Chandannagor and Bandel all cities under Kolkata Metropolitan Area, having own fragrance of history, culture. This area is called “Little Europe Of India”. All areas are well connected with the city centre.